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ECB-ART-51139
iScience 2022 Dec 22;2512:105545. doi: 10.1016/j.isci.2022.105545.
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The genome of a hadal sea cucumber reveals novel adaptive strategies to deep-sea environments.

Shao G , He T , Mu Y , Mu P , Ao J , Lin X , Ruan L , Wang Y , Gao Y , Liu D , Zhang L , Chen X .


Abstract
How organisms cope with coldness and high pressure in the hadal zone remains poorly understood. Here, we sequenced and assembled the genome of hadal sea cucumber Paelopatides sp. Yap with high quality and explored its potential mechanisms for deep-sea adaptation. First, the expansion of ACOX1 for rate-limiting enzyme in the DHA synthesis pathway, increased DHA content in the phospholipid bilayer, and positive selection of EPT1 may maintain cell membrane fluidity. Second, three genes for translation initiation factors and two for ribosomal proteins underwent expansion, and three ribosomal protein genes were positively selected, which may ameliorate the protein synthesis inhibition or ribosome dissociation in the hadal zone. Third, expansion and positive selection of genes associated with stalled replication fork recovery and DNA repair suggest improvements in DNA protection. This is the first genome sequence of a hadal invertebrate. Our results provide insights into the genetic adaptations used by invertebrate in deep oceans.

PubMed ID: 36444293
Article link: iScience



References [+] :
Aertsen, Mrr instigates the SOS response after high pressure stress in Escherichia coli. 2005, Pubmed