ECB-ART-42493Dev Biol 2012 Sep 15;3692:377-85. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2012.06.022.
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Direct and indirect control of oral ectoderm regulatory gene expression by Nodal signaling in the sea urchin embryo.
The Nodal signaling pathway is known from earlier work to be an essential mediator of oral ectoderm specification in the sea urchin embryo, and indirectly, of aboral ectoderm specification as well. Following expression of the Nodal ligand in the future oral ectoderm during cleavage, a sequence of regulatory gene activations occur within this territory which depend directly or indirectly on nodal gene expression. Here we describe additional regulatory genes that contribute to the oral ectoderm regulatory state during specification in Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, and show how their spatial expression changes dynamically during development. By means of system wide perturbation analyses we have significantly improved current knowledge of the epistatic relations among the regulatory genes of the oral ectoderm. From these studies there emerge diverse circuitries relating downstream regulatory genes directly and indirectly to Nodal signaling. A key intermediary regulator, the role of which had not previously been discerned, is the not gene. In addition to activating several genes earlier described as targets of Nodal signaling, the not gene product acts to repress other oral ectoderm genes, contributing crucially to the bilateral spatial organization of the embryonic oral ectoderm.
PubMed ID: 22771578
PMC ID: PMC3423475
Article link: Dev Biol
Genes referenced: LOC100887844 nodall
Morpholinos: hmxl2 MO1
References [+] :
Bergeron, Oral-aboral patterning and gastrulation of sea urchin embryos depend on sulfated glycosaminoglycans. 2011, Pubmed, Echinobase