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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2016 Nov 08;11345:12637-12642. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1612017113.
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Calcium transport into the cells of the sea urchin larva in relation to spicule formation.

Vidavsky N , Addadi S , Schertel A , Ben-Ezra D , Shpigel M , Addadi L , Weiner S .

We investigated the manner in which the sea urchin larva takes up calcium from its body cavity into the primary mesenchymal cells (PMCs) that are responsible for spicule formation. We used the membrane-impermeable fluorescent dye calcein and alexa-dextran, with or without a calcium channel inhibitor, and imaged the larvae in vivo with selective-plane illumination microscopy. Both fluorescent molecules are taken up from the body cavity into the PMCs and ectoderm cells, where the two labels are predominantly colocalized in particles, whereas the calcium-binding calcein label is mainly excluded from the endoderm and is concentrated in the spicules. The presence of vesicles and vacuoles inside the PMCs that have openings through the plasma membrane directly to the body cavity was documented using high-resolution cryo-focused ion beam-SEM serial imaging. Some of the vesicles and vacuoles are interconnected to form large networks. We suggest that these vacuolar networks are involved in direct sea water uptake. We conclude that the calcium pathway from the body cavity into cells involves nonspecific endocytosis of sea water with its calcium.

PubMed ID: 27791140
PMC ID: PMC5111655
Article link: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC115918576 LOC115925415

References [+] :
Albers, Biochemical aspects of active transport. 1967, Pubmed