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ECB-ART-47157
Fish Shellfish Immunol July 1, 2019; 90 73-79.

Gender specific differences of immune competence in the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus before and after spawning.

Jiang J , Zhao Z , Pan Y , Dong Y , Gao S , Li S , Wang C , Yang H , Lin S , Zhou Z .


Abstract
The gender differences of immunity have been elucidated in many vertebrates and invertebrates. However, the information of this difference was still not clear in the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus, which is one of the most valuable aquaculture species and susceptible to diseases caused by pathogen infection. In the present study, the transcriptome of coelomocytes from female and male A. japonicus before and after spawning was obtained by RNA-sequencing technology. A total of 4,538 and 8,248 differentially expressed genes were identified between female and male A. japonicus before and after spawning, respectively, indicating that the gender differences of gene expression profiles in A. japonicus were more remarkable after spawning. Further KEGG enrichment analyses were conducted for both male and female up-regulated genes before and after spawning. The results revealed that the capacity to kill pathogens in female A. japonicus might be more powerful than that in males no matter before and after spawning; the antioxidant ability in male A. japonicus was probably stronger than that in females after spawning; the complement system in male A. japonicus might be more effective than that in females after spawning; and the apoptosis was likely to be more serious in male A. japonicus before spawning. Moreover, we speculated that the fatty acid composition might be one of the inducements for gender specific immune differences of A. japonicus. Overall, the results of our study illustrated the global gender specific immune differences of A. japonicus and contributed to understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying sea cucumber immune regulation.

PubMed ID: 31022452
Article link: Fish Shellfish Immunol