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Toxicol In Vitro March 1, 2019; 55 116-123.

Genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of neolignans isolated from Nectandra leucantha (Lauraceae).

de Sousa FS , Nunes EA , Gomes KS , Cerchiaro G , Lago JHG .

In this work was evaluated the cytotoxic activity of dehydrodieugenol B (1) and methyldehydrodieugenol B (2) isolated from Nectandra leucantha (Lauraceae) through cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) and Comet assay. Compounds 1 and 2 displayed in vitro toxicity against human melanoma cells (SKMEL-147) with IC50 values of 4.4 and 43.6 μg/mL, respectively. The interaction of these compounds with resistant human melanoma cell line SKMEL-29 was also investigated. Obtained results showed a concentration-response relationship for DNA damage (DI and D%) in SKMEL-29 cells for compounds 1 and 2 causing an increase in DNA damage on their lower concentrations. Concerning the cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome (CBMNCyt) assay, all treatments demonstrated an increase in cytostatic and cytotoxic indexes. In micronucleus quantification, compound 1 displayed higher index in comparison to control. Regarding necrotic and apoptotic cells, treatments with SKMEL-29 cells demonstrated 100% of cell death induced by compounds 1 and 2 at 25 and 88 μg/mL, respectively. Additionally, it was observed that apoptosis is prevalent in SKMEL-147 cells treated with compound 1, while necrotic cells were observed in SKMEL-29 cells treated with both compounds. In conclusion, compounds 1 and 2 are suggested as promising cytotoxic agents against human melanoma resistant cells, emphasizing the potential use of these neolignans for the treatment of melanoma.

PubMed ID: 30578834
Article link: Toxicol In Vitro