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J Agric Food Chem 2022 Oct 19;7041:13212-13222. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.2c03458.
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Novel Peptides Derived from Sea Cucumber Intestine Promotes Osteogenesis by Upregulating Integrin-Mediated Transdifferentiation of Growth Plate Chondrocytes to Osteoblasts.

Yue H , Tian Y , Feng X , Bo Y , Xue C , Dong P , Wang J .

The sea cucumber intestine is a major by-product of sea cucumber processing and contains high levels of protein. In this study, we isolated and identified 28 novel osteogenic peptides from sea cucumber intestinal hydrolysis by the activity-tracking method for the first time. In vitro experimental results showed that compared with high molecular weight, the peptides from sea cucumber intestine (SCIP) with molecular weight <3 kDa more significantly promoted the proliferation and mineralized nodules of MC3T3-E1 cell and exhibited potential integrin binding capacity. In vivo experimental results showed that the SCIP supplement significantly increased the longitudinal bone length and elevated the height of the growth plate (especially the hypertrophic zone, 37.2%, p < 0.01) in adolescent mice. Further, immunofluorescence labeling results indicated that the SCIP supplement increased chondrocyte transdifferentiate to osteoblast in the growth plate close to the diaphysis. Mechanistically, transcriptome analysis revealed that the SCIP supplement induced the dedifferentiation of chondrocyte to osteoprogenitor cell via integrin-mediated histone acetylation and then redifferentiated to osteoblast via integrin-mediated Wnt/β-catenin signaling. These results reported for the first time that sea cucumber intestine had the potential to develop into a dietary supplement for promoting osteogenic, and provide new evidence for the mechanism of dietary promotes chondrocyte to osteoblast transdifferentiation.

PubMed ID: 36205515
Article link: J Agric Food Chem