Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Echinobase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
Mar Drugs 2022 Sep 23;2010:. doi: 10.3390/md20100641.
Show Gene links Show Anatomy links

New Ceramides and Cerebrosides from the Deep-Sea Far Eastern Starfish Ceramaster patagonicus.

Malyarenko TV , Zakharenko VM , Kicha AA , Kuzmich AS , Malyarenko OS , Kalinovsky AI , Popov RS , Svetashev VI , Ivanchina NV .

Three new ceramides (1-3) and three new cerebrosides (4, 8, and 9), along with three previously known cerebrosides (ophidiocerebrosides C (5), D (6), and CE-3-2 (7)), were isolated from a deep-sea starfish species, the orange cookie starfish Ceramaster patagonicus. The structures of 1-4, 8, and 9 were determined by the NMR and ESIMS techniques and also through chemical transformations. Ceramides 1-3 contain iso-C21 or C23 Δ9-phytosphingosine as a long-chain base and have C16 or C17 (2R)-2-hydroxy-fatty acids of the normal type. Cerebroside 4 contains C22 Δ9-sphingosine anteiso-type as a long-chain base and (2R)-2-hydroxyheptadecanoic acid of the normal type, while compounds 8 and 9 contain saturated C-17 phytosphingosine anteiso-type as a long-chain base and differ from each other in the length of the polymethylene chain of (2R)-2-hydroxy-fatty acids of the normal type: C23 in 8 and C24 in 9. All the new cerebrosides (4, 8, and 9) have β-D-glucopyranose as a monosaccharide residue. The composition of neutral sphingolipids from C. patagonicus was described for the first time. The investigated compounds 1-3, 5-7, and 9 exhibit slight to moderate cytotoxic activity against human cancer cells (HT-29, SK-MEL-28, and MDA-MB-231) and normal embryonic kidney cells HEK293. Compounds 2, 5, and 6 at a concentration of 20 µM inhibit colony formation of MDA-MB-231 cells by 68%, 54%, and 68%, respectively. The colony-inhibiting activity of compounds 2, 5, and 6 is comparable to the effect of doxorubicin, which reduces the number of colonies by 70% at the same concentration.

PubMed ID: 36286464
Article link: Mar Drugs