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Carbohydr Polym 2023 Feb 01;301Pt A:120316. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2022.120316.
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Selective 2-desulfation of tetrasaccharide-repeating sulfated fucans during oligosaccharide production by mild acid hydrolysis.

Kim SB , Farrag M , Mishra SK , Misra SK , Sharp JS , Doerksen RJ , Pomin VH .

Sulfated fucans (SFs) from echinoderms, such as sea cucumbers and sea urchins, present linear and regular sulfation patterns within defined oligosaccharide building blocks. The high molecular weights of these polymers pose a problem in advanced structure-activity relationship studies for which derived oligosaccharides are more appropriate tools for investigation. However, enzymes capable of specifically depolymerizing SFs, fucanases, are not very common. Scarce abundance and unknown catalytic activities are additional barriers to exploiting fucanases. Oligosaccharide production by controlled chemical reactions such as mild acid hydrolysis then becomes a convenient strategy. As a consequence, physicochemical studies are necessary to understand the structural modifications caused on SFs by this chemical hydrolysis. Hence, in this work, we subjected three tetrasaccharide-repeating SFs from sea cucumbers, Isostichopus badionotus (IbSF), Holothuria floridana (HfSF), and Lytechinus variegatus (LvSF) to mild acid hydrolysis for oligosaccharide production. Interestingly, selective 2-desulfation reaction was observed in all three SFs. Through our study, we indicate that selective 2-desulfation is a common and expected phenomenon in oligosaccharide production by mild acid hydrolysis of SFs, including those composed of tetrasaccharide-repeating units.

PubMed ID: 36436858
Article link: Carbohydr Polym
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