ECB-ART-51048Carbohydr Polym 2023 Mar 01;303:120470. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2022.120470.
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Fucoidan from Fucus vesiculosus prevents the loss of dopaminergic neurons by alleviating mitochondrial dysfunction through targeting ATP5F1a.
Parkinson''s disease is a neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons. Fucoidan, which has emerged as a neuroprotective agent, is a marine-origin sulfated polysaccharide enriched in brown algae and sea cucumbers. However, variations in structural characteristics exist among fucoidans derived from different sources, resulting in a wide spectrum of biological effects. It is urgent to find the fucoidan with the strongest neuroprotective effect, and the mechanism needs to be further explored. We isolated and purified four different fucoidan species with different chemical structures and found that Type II fucoidan from Fucus vesiculosus (FvF) significantly improved mitochondrial dysfunction, prevented neuronal apoptosis, reduced dopaminergic neuron loss, and improved motor deficits in an 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced PD mouse model. Further mechanistic investigation revealed that the ATP5F1a protein is a key target responsible for alleviating mitochondrial dysfunction of FvF to exert neuroprotective effects. This study highlights the favorable properties of FvF for neuroprotection, making FvF a promising candidate for the treatment of PD.
PubMed ID: 36657849
Article link: Carbohydr Polym