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Food Chem January 15, 2023; 399 133912.
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Identification of high iron-chelating peptides with unusual antioxidant effect from sea cucumbers and the possible binding mode.

Fan C , Ge X , Hao J , Wu T , Liu R , Sui W , Geng J , Zhang M .

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a common nutritional disease affecting 2 billion people. To develop a new iron-fortified food, we designed a novel type of iron-chelating peptide [Sea cucumbers peptides (SCP)-Fe] from sea cucumbers. SCP can chelate ferrous ions. The neutral protease hydrolysate have the highest iron chelating activity (117.17 ± 2.62 mg/g). Single factors including pH, material ratio, and molecular weight, had a significant effect on the iron chelating activity. The characterization of the SCP-Fe chelate revealed a loose and blocky structure with increased particle size. The amino acid composition, peptide identification and molecular docking indicated that Asp, Glu, Gly and Pro played an important role in binding to ferrous ions. After chelation, SCP-Fe chelate had dual nutrition effects of stronger radical scavenging ability and potential high-efficiency iron supplementation ability. These results might provide insights into the methods for developing functional foods such as iron-fortified seafood.

PubMed ID: 36029677
Article link: Food Chem