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Dev Comp Immunol November 1, 2022; 136 104511.
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The complement system and complement-like factors in sea cucumber.

Xiao K , Zhang S , Li C .

The complement system is an important part of innate immunity and plays an essential role in immune responses. Complement system consists of a series of proteins, its activation results in opsonization and phagocytosis of pathogens. Although the complement system has been studied extensively in vertebrates, considerably less is known about complement in invertebrates, especially in sea cucumber. Here, we reviewed the complement-like factors including Component 3 (C3), Complement factor B (Bf), Mannan-binding lectin (MBL) and globular Complement component 1q Receptor (gC1qR), which had been found in the complement system of sea cucumber. Furthermore, we compared the features of complement components among marine invertebrates and described the evolution of sea cucumber complement system obviously. This review can offer theoretical basis for disease control of the sea cucumber and will provide new insights into immune system of marine invertebrates. Meantime, the complete framework of sea cucumber complement may benefit the aquaculture industry.

PubMed ID: 36029917
Article link: Dev Comp Immunol