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Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 2022 Apr 01;1154:497-503. doi: 10.1007/s10482-022-01713-z.
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Neiella holothuriorum sp. nov., isolated from the gut of a sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus.

Bai XF , Lv XL , Liu X , Cui TT , Zhang MS , Ding N , Liu CH , Jia AR .

A Gram-stain negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium, designated 126T, was isolated from the intestinal content of a sea cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus, in China. Strain 126T was found to grow optimally at 25-28 °C and pH 7.5-8.0 in marine 2216 E medium, with tolerance of 1-7% (w/v) NaCl. Strain 126T is motile by means of one to several polar flagella. The dominant fatty acids of strain 126T were identified as C16:1 ω7c/C16:1 ω6c (29.5%), C18:1 ω7c/C18:1 ω6c (19.8%) and C16:0 (16.7%). The respiratory quinone was found to be Q-8. The polar lipid profile was found to be mainly composed of phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The total length of the draft genome is approximately 4.2 × 106 bp, encoding 3655 genes and 3576 coding sequences. The G + C content of the genomic DNA is 48.0%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain 126T belongs to the genus Neiella and is closely related to Neiella marina J221T (96.5%). Genomic comparisons of 126T to N. marina J221T revealed that they had similar genome size, G + C content and complement of clusters of orthologous groups. However, average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains126T and N. marina J221T was 75.5% and 19.7%, which could distinguish the strains. On the basis of these phenotypic and genotypic data, strain 126T is concluded to represent a novel species, for which the name Neiella holothuriorum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 126T (= GDMCC 1.2530T = KCTC 82829T).

PubMed ID: 35149918
Article link: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
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