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Virulence December 1, 2022; 13 (1): 458-470.
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Vibrio splendidus virulence to Apostichopus japonicus is mediated by hppD through glutamate metabolism and flagellum assembly.

Liang W , Zhang W , Li C .

Vibrio splendidus is the main opportunistic pathogen that causes skin ulcer syndrome in Apostichopus japonicus. hppDIn the present study, mutant V. splendidus with an in-frame deletion of hppDV.s. (MTVs) was constructed. The median lethal doses of wild-type V. splendidus (WTVs) and MTVs were 5.129 × 106 and 2.606 × 1010 CFU mL-1, respectively. RNA-Seq was performed using WTVs and MTVs cells at different growth stages to explore the mechanisms of the pathogenesis mediated by hppDV.s. Gene Ontology analysis showed that the expression levels of 105 genes involved in amino acid metabolism and protein binding were remarkably different between MTVs and WTVs. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis showed that the pathways of glutamate metabolism and flagellum assembly involved in biofilm formation and swarming motility were suppressed in MTVs. Correspondingly, the swarming motility, biofilm formation and colonisation of MTVs were remarkably decreased compared with those of WTVs. The results showed that 4-hppD catalyses tyrosine into fumarate, which could enhance glutamate metabolism and ATP production; promote flagellum assembly through the TCA cycle and lead to higher swarming, biofilm formation and colonisation abilities, to contribute to the pathogenesis of V. splendidus.

PubMed ID: 35259068
PMC ID: PMC8920201
Article link: Virulence

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