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J Nutr Biochem August 1, 2022; 106 109032.
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Sea cucumber ether-phospholipids improve hepatic steatosis and enhance hypothalamic autophagy in high-fat diet-fed mice.

Wang X , Wang X , Cong P , Wu L , Ma Y , Wang Z , Jiang T , Xu J .

As a promising group of natural bioactive lipids, ether-phospholipids (ether-PLs), exhibit the ability to attenuate high-fat diet (HFD)-induced lipid accumulation and atherosclerosis. However, the underlying mechanism is unclear. Autophagy has been implicated in the regulation of obesity. Therefore, we investigated the effects of dietary ether-PLs on hepatic steatosis and the activation of hypothalamic autophagy. HFD-fed C57BL/6J mice were orally administered with ether-PLs (150 mg/kg body weight) including plasmenyl phosphatidylethanolamine (PE-P) and plasmanyl phosphatidylcholine (PC-O) for three days or eight weeks. Ether-PLs supplementation relieved diet-induced hepatic lipid accumulation and regulated the hypothalamic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) and CD36. Notably, PE-P activated hypothalamic autophagy more strongly than PC-O, with an increased ratio of microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 II/I (LC3II/I) and reduced p62/sequestosome-1 (p62) accumulation by rescuing the HFD-impaired autophagy-lysosome fusion. The phosphorylation of ULK1 mediated by Akt-mTOR and AMPK, was involved in ether-PLs activated autophagy. Furthermore, the enhanced hypothalamic autophagy promoted the production of α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH), which has been reported to maintain energy balance. It is concluded that ether-PLs ameliorated HFD-induced hypothalamic autophagy and ameliorated hepatic steatosis. Ether-PLs could thus be an attractive autophagy-enhancers against chronic HFD-induced obesity.

PubMed ID: 35500828
Article link: J Nutr Biochem