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Food Funct 2021 Sep 07;1217:7676-7687. doi: 10.1039/d1fo00631b.
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Neuroprotective effects of NDEELNK from sea cucumber ovum against scopolamine-induced PC12 cell damage through enhancing energy metabolism and upregulation of the PKA/BDNF/NGF signaling pathway.

Zhao Y , Dong Y , Ge Q , Cui P , Sun N , Lin S .

The aim of the study was to evaluate the neuroprotective function of sea cucumber ovum peptide-derived NDEELNK and explore the underlying molecular mechanisms. NDEELNK exerted the neuroprotective effect by improving the acetylcholine (ACh) level and reducing the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in PC12 cells. By molecular docking, we confirmed that the NDEELNK backbone and AChE interacted through hydrophobic and hydrogen bonds in contact with the amino acid residues of the cavity wall. NDEELNK increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, thereby reducing mitochondrial dysfunction and enhancing energy metabolism. Our results demonstrated that NDEELNK supplementation alleviated scopolamine-induced PC12 cell damage by improving the cholinergic system, increasing energy metabolism and upregulating the expression of phosphorylated protein kinase A (p-PKA), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BNDF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) signaling proteins in in vitro experiments. These results demonstrated that the sea cucumber ovum peptide-derived NDEELNK might play a protective role in PC12 cells.

PubMed ID: 34259275
Article link: Food Funct