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Development 2017 Apr 01;1447:1201-1210. doi: 10.1242/dev.144170.
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Transient translational quiescence in primordial germ cells.

Oulhen N , Swartz SZ , Laird J , Mascaro A , Wessel GM .

Stem cells in animals often exhibit a slow cell cycle and/or low transcriptional activity referred to as quiescence. Here, we report that the translational activity in the primordial germ cells (PGCs) of the sea urchin embryo (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) is quiescent. We measured new protein synthesis with O-propargyl-puromycin and L-homopropargylglycine Click-iT technologies, and determined that these cells synthesize protein at only 6% the level of their adjacent somatic cells. Knockdown of translation of the RNA-binding protein Nanos2 by morpholino antisense oligonucleotides, or knockout of the Nanos2 gene by CRISPR/Cas9 resulted in a significant, but partial, increase (47%) in general translation specifically in the PGCs. We found that the mRNA of the translation factor eEF1A is excluded from the PGCs in a Nanos2-dependent manner, a consequence of a Nanos/Pumilio response element (PRE) in its 3''UTR. In addition to eEF1A, the cytoplasmic pH of the PGCs appears to repress translation and simply increasing the pH also significantly restores translation selectively in the PGCs. We conclude that the PGCs of this sea urchin institute parallel pathways to quiesce translation thoroughly but transiently.

PubMed ID: 28235822
PMC ID: PMC5399625
Article link: Development
Grant support: [+]

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC115919910 nanos2l
Morpholinos: nanos2l MO1
gRNAs referenced: nanos2l gRNA1 nanos2l gRNA2 nanos2l gRNA3

References [+] :
Ahringer, Control of the sperm-oocyte switch in Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites by the fem-3 3' untranslated region. 1991, Pubmed