ECB-ART-40469Dev Dyn 2007 Nov 01;23611:3180-90. doi: 10.1002/dvdy.21353.
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Genes involved in the RNA interference pathway are differentially expressed during sea urchin development.
RNA-mediated interference (RNAi) is a conserved gene silencing mechanism that involves double-stranded RNA as a signal to trigger the sequence-specific degradation of target mRNA, resulting in posttranscriptional silencing and/or translational repression. Bioinformatic searches in the sea urchin genome database identified homologs of Drosha, DGCR5, Dicer, TRBP, Exportin-5, and Argonautes. Quantitative, real-time polymerase chain reaction indicated that all mRNA accumulate in eggs and in variable levels throughout early development. Whole-mount in situ RNA hybridization showed that all of the important players of the RNAi silencing pathway have abundant mRNA accumulation in oocytes and eggs, but have distinct spatial and temporal expression patterns throughout development. Sequence analysis revealed that each of the four Argonautes examined contain conserved residues important for RNAseH activity within the Piwi domain. This study elucidated that genes involved in the RNAi silencing pathway have dynamic expression and, thus, may have regulatory roles during germ cell development and embryogenesis.
PubMed ID: 17948309
Article link: Dev Dyn
Genes referenced: dicer1 LOC100887844 LOC115919910 polr3a