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Mol Pharmacol 2007 Sep 01;723:545-52. doi: 10.1124/mol.107.036350.
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Philinopside E, a new sulfated saponin from sea cucumber, blocks the interaction between kinase insert domain-containing receptor (KDR) and alphavbeta3 integrin via binding to the extracellular domain of KDR.

Tian F , Zhu CH , Zhang XW , Xie X , Xin XL , Yi YH , Lin LP , Geng MY , Ding J .

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway is essential for tumor angiogenesis and has long been recognized as a promising target for cancer therapy. Current view holds that physical interaction between alpha(v)beta(3) integrin and kinase insert domain-containing receptor (KDR) is important in regulating angiogenesis and tumor development. We have reported previously that a new marine-derived compound, philinopside E (PE), exhibited the antiangiogenic activity via inhibition on KDR phosphorylation and downstream signaling. Herein, we have further demonstrated that PE specifically interacts with KDR extracellular domain, which is distinct from conventional small-molecule inhibitors targeting cytoplasmic kinase domain, to block its interaction with VEGF and the downstream signaling. We also noted that PE markedly suppresses alpha(v)beta(3) integrin-driven downstream signaling as a result of disturbance of the physical interaction between KDR and alpha(v)beta(3) integrin in HMECs, followed by disruption of the actin cytoskeleton organization and decreased cell adhesion to vitronectin. All of these findings substantiate PE to be an unrecognized therapeutic class in tumor angiogenesis and, more importantly, help appeal the interest of the therapeutic potential in angiogenesis and cancer development via targeting integrin-KDR interaction in the future.

PubMed ID: 17565003
Article link: Mol Pharmacol

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC115919910 LOC115922368 LOC590297 vegfc