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Development 2001 Feb 01;1283:365-75. doi: 10.1242/dev.128.3.365.
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SpKrl: a direct target of beta-catenin regulation required for endoderm differentiation in sea urchin embryos.

Howard EW , Newman LA , Oleksyn DW , Angerer RC , Angerer LM .

Localization of nuclear beta-catenin initiates specification of vegetal fates in sea urchin embryos. We have identified SpKrl, a gene that is activated upon nuclear entry of beta-catenin. SpKrl is upregulated when nuclear beta-catenin activity is increased with LiCl and downregulated in embryos injected with molecules that inhibit beta-catenin nuclear function. LiCl-mediated SpKrl activation is independent of protein synthesis, indicating that SpKrl is a direct target of beat-catenin and TCF. Embryos in which SpKrl translation is inhibited with morpholino antisense oligonucleotides lack endoderm. Conversely, SpKrl mRNA injection rescues some vegetal structures in beta-catenin-deficient embryos. SpKrl negatively regulates expression of the animalizing transcription factor, SpSoxB1. We propose that SpKrl functions in patterning the vegetal domain by suppressing animal regulatory activities.

PubMed ID: 11152635
Article link: Development
Grant support: [+]

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC115921693 LOC373243 LOC594353 sox2
Morpholinos: LOC373243 MO1 LOC373243 MO2