ECB-ART-36909Dev Biol 1998 May 01;1971:39-53. doi: 10.1006/dbio.1998.8881.
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In vivo regulation of cyclin A/Cdc2 and cyclin B/Cdc2 through meiotic and early cleavage cycles in starfish.
In starfish, fertilization occurs naturally at late meiosis I. In the absence of fertilization, however, oocytes complete meiosis I and II, resulting in mature eggs arrested at the pronucleus stage, which are still fertilizable. In this study, we isolated cDNAs of starfish cyclin A and Cdc2, and monitored extensively the cell cycle dynamics of cyclin A and cyclin B levels and their associated Cdc2 kinase activity, Tyr phosphorylation of Cdc2, and Cdc25 phosphorylation states throughout meiotic and early embryonic cleavage cycles in vivo. In meiosis I, cyclin A was undetectable and cyclin B/Cdc2 alone exhibited histone H1 kinase activity, while thereafter both cyclin A/Cdc2 and cyclin B/Cdc2 kinase activity oscillated along with the cell cycle. Cyclin B-, but not cyclin A-, associated Cdc2 was subjected to regulation via Tyr phosphorylation, and phosphorylation states of Cdc25 correlated with cyclin B/Cdc2 kinase activity with some exceptions. Between meiosis I and II and at the pronucleus stage, cyclin A and B levels remained low, Cdc2 Tyr phosphorylation was undetectable, and Cdc25 remained phosphorylated depending on MAP kinase activity, showing a good correlation between these two stages. Upon fertilization of mature eggs, Cdc2 Tyr phosphorylation reappeared and Cdc25 was dephosphorylated. In the first cleavage cycle, under conditions which prevented Cdc25 activity, cyclin A/Cdc2 was activated with a normal time course and then cyclin B/Cdc2 was activated with a significant delay, resulting in the delayed completion of M-phase. Thus, in contrast to meiosis I, both cyclin A and cyclin B appear to be involved in the embryonic cleavage cycles. We propose that regulation of cyclin A/Cdc2 and cyclin B/Cdc2 is characteristic of meiotic and early cleavage cycles.
PubMed ID: 9578617
Article link: Dev Biol
Genes referenced: LOC115919910 LOC574811 LOC576121 pus1
Antibodies: ccnb2 Ab1