ECB-ART-32522Dev Biol 1988 Apr 01;1262:242-52. doi: 10.1016/0012-1606(88)90135-2.
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Regulation of meiotic metaphase by a cytoplasmic maturation-promoting factor during mouse oocyte maturation.
During mouse oocyte maturation the regulation of the activity of a cytoplasmic maturation-promoting factor (MPF) was examined. The mouse MPF activity was determined based on its ability to induce maturation in immature starfish oocytes after microinjection with the cytoplasm from mouse oocytes. MPF appeared initially at germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD), and its activity fluctuated in exact correspondence with meiotic cycles, reaching a peak at each metaphase and almost disappearing at the time of emission of the first polar body. Cycloheximide affected neither the initial MPF appearance nor GVBD. Thereafter, however, in the presence of cycloheximide the meiotic spindle was not formed and MPF disappeared, although the chromosomes remained condensed. After removing cycloheximide, MPF reappeared and was followed by the first metaphase and subsequently by polar body emission. Finally the meiotic cycle progressed to the second metaphase. Thus, for the appearance of MPF, there is a critical period shortly before the first metaphase, after which protein synthesis is required. In the presence of either cytochalasin D or colcemid, MPF activity remained at elevated levels. Addition of cycloheximide to such cytochalasin-treated oocytes, in which the meiotic cycle was arrested at the first metaphase, caused the MPF levels to decrease and was followed by movement of chromosomes to both poles where they decondensed and two nucleus-like structures were formed. Thus, the disappearance of MPF may initiate the metaphase-anaphase transition. Furthermore, detailed cytological examination revealed that chromosomes in cytochalasin-treated oocytes were monovalent while those treated only with cycloheximide were divalent, suggesting that dissociation of the synapsis is a prerequisite for chromosome decondensation after the disappearance of MPF. In all these respects, MPF seems to be a metaphase-promoting factor rather than just a maturation-promoting factor.
PubMed ID: 3350209
Article link: Dev Biol