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Biol Reprod 1988 Oct 01;393:639-47. doi: 10.1095/biolreprod39.3.639.
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Receptor-mediated activation of detergent-solubilized guanylate cyclase.

Bentley JK , Khatra AS , Garbers DL .

Here for the first time we report the successful detergent-solubilization of the speract (Gly-Phe-Asp-Leu-Asn-Gly-Gly-Gly-Val-Gly) receptor and the subsequent activation of guanylate cyclase in response to receptor occupation. Sea urchin sperm membranes treated with a solution containing 0.5% LubrolR PX and 0.5% EmulphogeneR in the presence of MgCl2 and NaF released both the speract receptor and guanylate cyclase activity into solution. The solubilized apparent receptor was not sedimented at 400,000 x g x 15 min and was not retained by glass microfiber filters. In the presence of 125I-GGG(Y2)speract and dissuccinimidyl suberate, a major radioactive band at about Mr = 77,000 and minor bands at Mr = 35,000 and 150,000 were cross-linked. Speract but not resact (Cys-Val-Thr-Gly-Ala-Pro-Gly-Cys-Val-Gly-Gly-Gly-Arg-LeuNH2) competed in the cross-linking reaction. The amount of 125I-GGG(Y2)speract bound to solubilized receptor did not increase in a linear manner as a function of added protein but instead was concave upward. The addition of speract but not resact to the solubilized preparation resulted in the activation of the enzyme guanylate cyclase; the extent of stimulation was dependent on the amount of enzyme protein added and also was concave upward. Approximately 900 nM speract half-maximally activated guanylate cyclase. These data suggest that the speract receptor and guanylate cyclase are closely apposed, even in detergent, or that they are the same molecule.

PubMed ID: 2904284
Article link: Biol Reprod
Grant support: [+]

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC115922275 LOC576642 LOC576733 thrb