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Mol Reprod Dev 1991 Apr 01;284:410-8. doi: 10.1002/mrd.1080280414.
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Localization of wheat germ agglutinin and antibody binding sites on the plasma membranes of sea urchin sperm heads as revealed by label-fracture and fracture-flip.

Shen RL , Ward RD , Pinto da Silva P , Nishioka D .

Freeze-fracture electron microscopy reveals that intramembrane particles are concentrated in a band encircling the posterior portion of the acrosome of Strongylocentrotus purpuratus sperm. Two colloidal gold labeling methods, label-fracture and replica-staining fracture-flip, were employed to show that the plant lectin wheat germ agglutinin, which recognizes a 210 kDa sperm surface glycoprotein, binds to this localized band of intramembrane particles. Monoclonal antibody J18/2, which also recognizes the 210 kDa surface glycoprotein, shows this localized binding in approximately 20% of the sperm observed in this study. The majority of sperm displayed a uniform distribution of receptor sites for monoclonal antibody J18/2. Since wheat germ agglutinin and monoclonal antibody J18/2 are known to agglutinate Strongylocentrotus purpuratus sperm but not sperm of another sea urchin, Lytechinus pictus, similar determinations were made for the latter species. Lytechinus pictus sperm are not labeled with wheat germ agglutinin and are only sparsely labeled with monoclonal antibody J18/2. The acrosomal localizations of wheat germ agglutinin and monoclonal antibody J18/2 receptors in Strongylocentrotus purpuratus sperm are consistent with the involvement of the 210 kDa surface glycoprotein in an egg jelly-induced sperm acrosome reaction. Low-temperature post-embed labeling of thin sections with wheat germ agglutinin and monoclonal antibody J18/2 show concentrations of label within the acrosomal vesicle of Strongylocentrotus purpuratus sperm, suggesting the presence of an intracellular storage site for the 210 kDa glycoprotein.

PubMed ID: 2064784
Article link: Mol Reprod Dev
Grant support: [+]

Genes referenced: LOC100887844