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Dev Biol 1991 Feb 01;1432:289-96. doi: 10.1016/0012-1606(91)90079-i.
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Initiation of DNA replication cycle in fertilized eggs of the starfish, Asterina pectinifera.

Nomura A , Maruyama YK , Yoneda M .

Starfish oocytes or eggs were inseminated at various times between first prometaphase and pronuclear stage, and were subsequently labeled with the thymidine analogue 5-bromo-2''-deoxyuridine (BrdU) in order to detect the onset of DNA synthesis phase (S phase) during the first cell cycle using a monoclonal antibody against BrdU. The interval between fertilization and the first S phase was found to be constant (30-45 min, depending on batches) in eggs fertilized after formation of the first polar body. Eggs fertilized before first polar body formation, however, always entered the S phase 10-20 min after the second polar body formation. On the basis of these observations we conclude that (i) the chain of events triggered by fertilization, collectively called "postactivation process" for the first S phase, goes on in parallel with the process of maturation and (ii) only the final step of the postactivation process is arrested until the termination of meiosis. In eggs that had been fertilized before the first polar body formation, the female and male pronuclei exhibited uniformly distributed chromatin soon after the second polar body formation. In eggs that had been fertilized after the second polar body formation, however, the chromatin of the pronuclei remained fibrillar even during the S phase. Thus full decondensation of chromatin appears to depend on a certain advance in the postactivation process.

PubMed ID: 1991552
Article link: Dev Biol

Genes referenced: LOC115919910