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J Cell Biol 1992 Dec 01;1195:1271-6. doi: 10.1083/jcb.119.5.1271.
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Okadaic acid induces interphase to mitotic-like microtubule dynamic instability by inactivating rescue.

Gliksman NR , Parsons SF , Salmon ED .

We used high-resolution video microscopy to visualize microtubule dynamic instability in extracts of interphase sea urchin eggs and to analyze the changes that occur upon addition of 0.8-2.5 microM okadaic acid, an inhibitor of phosphatase 1 and 2A (PP1, PP2a) (Bialojan, D., and A. Takai. 1988. Biochem. J. 256:283-290). Microtubule plus-ends in these extracts oscillated between the elongation and shortening phases of dynamic instability at frequencies typical for interphase cells. Switching from elongation to shortening (catastrophe) was frequent, but microtubules persisted and grew long because of frequent switching back to elongation (rescue). Addition of okadaic acid to the extract induced rapid (< 5 min) conversion to short, dynamic microtubules typical of mitosis. The frequency of catastrophe doubled and the velocities of elongation and shortening increased slightly; however, the major change was an elimination of rescue. Thus, modulation of the rescue frequency by phosphorylation-dependent mechanisms may be a major regulatory pathway for selectively controlling microtubule dynamics without dramatically changing velocities of microtubule elongation and shortening.

PubMed ID: 1447301
PMC ID: PMC2289736
Article link: J Cell Biol
Grant support: [+]

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC588695 LOC589944

References [+] :
Bayley, A simple formulation of microtubule dynamics: quantitative implications of the dynamic instability of microtubule populations in vivo and in vitro. 1990, Pubmed