ECB-ART-31041Mol Biol Cell 1992 Jul 01;37:775-87. doi: 10.1091/mbc.3.7.775.
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Immunological characterization of avian MAP kinases: evidence for nuclear localization.
The subcellular distribution and regulation of MAP kinase isoforms in chicken hepatoma DU249 cells was investigated with antibodies directed against peptides patterned after sequences in the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, sea star p44mpk, and rat p44erk1. MonoQ chromatography of cytosol from these cells afforded the resolution of at least four peaks of myelin basic protein (MBP) phosphotransferase activity, but only one of these (peak II) was stimulated in extracts from phorbol ester-treated cells. A 40- to 41-kDa (p41) doublet on Western blots detected with three different MAP kinase antibodies was coincident with peak II, and it probably corresponded to the avian homolog of p42mapk/erk2. Immunofluorescent studies with DU249 cells and chicken embryo fibroblasts revealed that most of the cross-reactive protein with at least two different MAP kinase antibodies was distributed in the nucleus. Subcellular fractionation studies confirmed a predominantly nuclear localization for p41 MAP kinase. Nocodazole arrest of DU249 cells was exploited for the detection of an M-phase-activated MBP kinase that was resolved from p41 MAP kinase by phenyl-Superose chromatography. Western blotting analysis with antibodies for the cdc2-encoded protein kinase and p13suc1-agarose binding studies allowed positive identification of this MBP kinase as p34cdc2.
PubMed ID: 1325221
PMC ID: PMC275634
Article link: Mol Biol Cell
Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC580966 LOC586799
References [+] :
Alvarez, Pro-Leu-Ser/Thr-Pro is a consensus primary sequence for substrate protein phosphorylation. Characterization of the phosphorylation of c-myc and c-jun proteins by an epidermal growth factor receptor threonine 669 protein kinase. 1991, Pubmed