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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2024 Apr 05; doi: 10.1007/s11356-024-33106-2.
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Bismuth oxymetallate-modified biochar derived from Euryale ferox husk for efficient removal of Congo red from wastewater: adsorption behavior and mechanisms.

Zhang L , Li Q , Liu X , Shi W , HanYu .

Using Euryale ferox husk as raw material, pristine biochar (EBC), Bi2MoO6-modified biochar (BM-EBC), and BiFeO3-modified biochar (BF-EBC) were prepared and employed for decontaminating Congo red (CR) from wastewater. Compared with EBC (217.59 mg/g) and BF-EBC (359.49 mg/g), a superior adsorption capacity of 460.77 mg/g was achieved by BM-EBC. Based on the evaluation results of the Freundlich and pseudo-second-order models, multilayer chemisorption was suggested as the adsorption mechanism. The adsorption process of BM-EBC was spontaneous and endothermic, and the rate-limiting step pertained to liquid film diffusion and intraparticle diffusion. The underlying removal mechanism was explored via SEM, BET, FTIR, XPS, Raman spectra, and Zeta potential analyses. The introduction of bismuth oxymetallates with their high number of M-O (M: Bi, Mo, Fe) structural elements provided the adsorbent with enlarged surface areas and reinforced oxygen functional groups, thereby promoting pore filling, π-π interactions, hydrogen bonding, and complexation, leading to enhanced adsorption capacity. These results demonstrate that Euryale ferox husk biochar modified by bismuth oxymetallates has high prospects for valorizing biomass waste and removing CR from wastewater.

PubMed ID: 38578591
Article link: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
Grant support: [+]