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Food Chem 2024 Feb 15;434:137485. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2023.137485.
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The characteristic terpenes in sea cucumber soaked in star anise solution were characterized by HS-SPME-GC-MS and PCA analysis.

Li X , Jiang P , Song J , Lin S .

The quality of sea cucumber is closely associated with its processing technology. In this study, the response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to optimize the thermal process conditions for seasoned sea cucumber, while gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) technique identified 25 characteristic compounds. Terpenes and their oxygen derivatives constituted approximately 70% of all compounds detected. Among these, trans-anethole emerged as the predominant volatile aroma compound in seasoned sea cucumber at a concentration of 39.99 ± 4.52 mg/g, followed by p-anisaldehyde, cis-anethole, linalool, estragole, and d-limonene. Principal component analysis (PCA) revealed that trans-anethole, cis-anethole, estragole, and d-limonene collectively contributed over 45.0% to the flavor profile of sea cucumber. This investigation provides an initial exploration into the alterations in volatile compounds within star anise-seasoned seasoned sea cucumber, thereby establishing a foundation for instant sea cucumbers' flavor processing.

PubMed ID: 37722337
Article link: Food Chem