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Fish Shellfish Immunol 2020 Feb 01;97:27-33. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2019.12.031.
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MYC regulates coelomocytes apoptosis by targeting Bax expression in sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus.

Zhang Y , Shao Y , Lv Z , Li C .

Myelocytomatosis viral oncogene (MYC), a multifunctional transcription factor, (TF) exerts various physiological and pathological effects on animals. AjMYC could induce coelomocyte apoptosis in Apostichopus japonicus, but the underlying molecular mechanism remains poorly understood. In this study, the promoter sequence of apoptosis regulator Bcl-2-associated X (Bax) was cloned by genomic walking. The AjBax promoter region spaning 1189 bp, containing several transcription factor binding sites, included four potential E-boxes (-1030 bp to -1019 bp, -785 bp to -774 bp, -570 bp to -559 bp, -100 bp to -89 bp), two P53 binding sites (-439 bp to -430 bp, -845 bp to -836 bp), and one NF-κB site (-191 bp to -182 bp). Transient transfection of EPC cells with 5''-deletion constructs linked to luciferase reporter revealed that the region -1189/+454 contributed importantly to the expression of the AjBax. In addition, the AjBax promoter was induced by LPS, PGN or MAN. The four potential MYC binding sites were cotransfected with AjMYC in EPC cell whether AjMYC could activate AjBax expression as a transcriptional factor. Only P1 (-1189/+454) fragment containing the first MYC binding site transfection increased the luciferase activity by 2.08-fold (p < 0.01) compared with the control. The first MYC binding site -1030/-1019 was essential to induce AjBax transcription. Further functional assay indicated that AjBax was significantly induced by 3.54-fold increase (p < 0.01) after AjMYC overexpression in sea cucumber coelomocytes. All our findings supported that AjMYC could regulate coelomocyte apoptosis by directly targeting AjBax expression in A. japonicus.

PubMed ID: 31843700
Article link: Fish Shellfish Immunol

Genes referenced: bax LOC100887844 LOC115919910 LOC373385 LOC587333