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Dev Comp Immunol 2020 Aug 01;109:103694. doi: 10.1016/j.dci.2020.103694.
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Sedoheptulose kinase bridges the pentose phosphate pathway and immune responses in pathogen-challenged sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus.

Sun L , Zhou F , Shao Y , Lv Z , Li C .

The sedoheptulose kinase carbohydrate kinase-like protein (CARKL) is critical for immune cell activation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and cell polarization by restricting flux through the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP). To date, little is known about CARKL in regulating immune responses in marine invertebrates. In this study, we first cloned and characterized the CARKL gene from Apostichopus japonicus (designated as AjCARKL). Time-course analysis revealed that Vibrio splendidus challenge in vivo and lipopolysaccharide stimulation in vitro significantly downregulated AjCARKL mRNA expression. Furthermore, AjCARKL overexpression in cultured coelomocytes not only significantly inhibited the mRNA expression level of the rate-limiting enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase of the PPP but sharply decreased coelomocyte proliferation, ROS production, and phagocytic rate. Additionally, AjCARKL overexpression in mouse peritoneal macrophages (RAW264.7 cells) significantly attenuated the intracellular ROS production and sensitized the M2 phenotype macrophage polarization. These results revealed that AjCARKL serves as a rheostat for cellular metabolism and is required for proper immune response by negatively regulating PPP in pathogen-challenged A. japonicus.

PubMed ID: 32283109
Article link: Dev Comp Immunol

Genes referenced: g6pd LOC100887844 LOC115919910 LOC587800 LOC590870 ros1 scyl1 shpk