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J Exp Zool A Ecol Integr Physiol 2020 Mar 01;3333:144-150. doi: 10.1002/jez.2336.
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Seasonal variations of digestive enzymes in sea cucumbers (Holothuria tubulosa, G. 1788) under culture conditions.

Günay D , Emiroğlu D , Suzer C .

Sea cucumber, Holothuria tubulosa (Gmelin, 1788), is an economically valuable species due to its rich nutrients content that being exported in Turkey. However, culture of this species is difficult due to a lack of knowledge. The main objective of this study is to investigate seasonal activities of main digestive enzymes (protease, lipase, and amylase) for nutritional requirements. In this sense, sea cucumbers were stocked in the glass aquarium and sediment was 10 cm. It was replaced monthly and enriched (1% of the living individual weight) by dried Sargassum sp. Total protease and amylase enzymes have shown higher activity compared to lipase. All three enzyme activities were maximum in the summer and minimum in the winter. In summer, the highest measured total protease, amylase, and lipase activity values were 6.45 ± 0.66, 6.77 ± 0.72, and 2.78 ± 0.32 U/mg per protein, respectively. In winter, the lowest total protease, amylase, and lipase activity values were measured as 2.03 ± 0.16, 1.14 ± 0.14, and 0.12 ± 0.01 U/mg per protein, respectively. As a conclusion of the study, seasonal expression of the main digestive enzymes was strictly dependent on water temperatures and food abundance and also it was ideal to feed this species with food containing high protein and carbohydrate under appropriate temperatures for commercial culture.

PubMed ID: 31880099
Article link: J Exp Zool A Ecol Integr Physiol

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC752081 LOC756768