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Dev Comp Immunol 2020 Jun 01;107:103657. doi: 10.1016/j.dci.2020.103657.
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Cyclophilin A mediates coelomocyte apoptosis via the NF-κB/Bcl-2 signaling pathway in Apostichopus japonicus.

Liu J , Zhao X , Lv Z , Guo M , Li C .

As a multifunctional protein, cyclophilin A (CypA) plays an important role in cell apoptosis. In our previous work, we found that CypA from Apostichopus japonicus (AjCypA), as a cofactor, could modulate nuclear translocation of NF-κB. However, the immune function of AjCypA is largely unknown. In the present study, we found that siRNA-mediated AjCypA knockdown in vivo significantly increased the coelomocyte apoptosis rate. In addition, the expression of B-cell lymphoma-2 (AjBcl-2, an anti-apoptosis gene) was synchronously downregulated. To better understand the connection between AjCypA and AjBcl-2 expression, we cloned the promoter of AjBcl-2 via genomic walking, which spanned 1870 bp and contained four potential binding sites of NF-κB. Dual-luciferase reporter assay revealed that the full-length sequence and all truncated fragments exhibited high transcriptional activity. Moreover, 1 μg/mL LPS exposure significantly increased the luciferase activity of P1 (-1870/+57) by 2.31-fold and 3.15-fold at 12 and 24 h, respectively. Furthermore, the four potential NF-κB binding sites and pCMV-Flag2C-AjNF-κB co-transfection assay demonstrated that NF-κB could regulate the expression of AjBcl-2 via the NF-κB binding sites of AjBcl-2 promoter. All results supported that AjCypA mediates coelomocyte apoptosis via NF-κB/AjBcl-2 signaling pathway in A. japonicus.

PubMed ID: 32089518
Article link: Dev Comp Immunol

Genes referenced: LOC115918463 LOC115919910 LOC587333