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ECB-ART-48546
Pharmacol Rep 2020 Apr 01;722:296-304. doi: 10.1007/s43440-020-00074-6.
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Assessment of vitamin D and inflammatory markers profile in cardiac tissue on Parkinson disease animal model.

Nejm MB , Guimarães-Marques MJ , Oliveira LF , Damasceno L , Andersen ML , Tufik S , Fonseca F , Olszewer E , Leça R , de Almeida ACG , Scorza FA , Scorza CA .


Abstract
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular dysfunctions are common non-motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson''s disease (PD) that can result in reduced quality of life and even death. Research in animal models designed to characterize the pathological association between PD and cardiovascular abnormalities is still in its infancy. This study assessed the early impact of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic damage on cardiological features in the unilateral 6-OHDA rat model of PD. METHODS: Male Wistar rats received unilateral intrastriatal injections of 6-OHDA and sham rats were injected with saline. Animals were studied 15 days later. Immunohistochemistry was used for visualization of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive neurons in the nigrostriatal system. Electrocardiogram recordings of heart rate were performed in conscious rats. Heart levels of vitamin D, inflammatory cytokines and C-reactive protein were assessed through electrochemiluminescence immunoassay, quantitative reverse transcription PCR and turbidimetric method, respectively. RESULTS: We found a post-injury reduction of TH-immunoreactivity of approximately 45% in the substantia nigra pars compacta and 20% in the striatum. Heart rate reduction was found in 6-OHDA-lesioned rats as compared with sham counterparts. Reduced levels of vitamin D and increased levels of inflammatory factors (C-reactive protein, IL-6, TNF-α and TGF-β) were detected in the heart tissue of PD rats in comparison with sham. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest a link between cardiac tissue changes and cardiac functional changes early after the central dopaminergic damage induced by 6-OHDA. Knowledge of the cardiac abnormalities in the 6-OHDA model is critical in identifying future therapeutic targets and disease-modifying approaches for PD non-motor features.

PubMed ID: 32124387
Article link: Pharmacol Rep


Genes referenced: impact th