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Cell Signal 2017 Oct 01;38:85-96. doi: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2017.06.018.
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The tyrosine Y2502.39 in Frizzled 4 defines a conserved motif important for structural integrity of the receptor and recruitment of Disheveled.

Strakova K , Matricon P , Yokota C , Arthofer E , Bernatik O , Rodriguez D , Arenas E , Carlsson J , Bryja V , Schulte G .

Frizzleds (FZDs) are unconventional G protein-coupled receptors, which activate diverse intracellular signaling pathways via the phosphoprotein Disheveled (DVL) and heterotrimeric G proteins. The interaction interplay of FZDs with DVL and G proteins is complex, involves different regions of FZD and the potential dynamics are poorly understood. In the present study, we aimed to characterize the function of a highly conserved tyrosine (Y2502.39) in the intracellular loop 1 (IL1) of human FZD4. We have found Y2502.39 to be crucial for DVL2 interaction and DVL2 translocation to the plasma membrane. Mutant FZD4-Y2502.39F, impaired in DVL2 binding, was defective in both β-catenin-dependent and β-catenin-independent WNT signaling induced in Xenopus laevis embryos. The same mutant maintained interaction with the heterotrimeric G proteins Gα12 and Gα13 and was able to mediate WNT-induced G protein dissociation and G protein-dependent YAP/TAZ signaling. We conclude from modeling and dynamics simulation efforts that Y2502.39 is important for the structural integrity of the FZD-DVL, but not for the FZD-G protein interface and hypothesize that the interaction network of Y2502.39 and H3484.46 plays a role in specifying downstream signaling pathways induced by the receptor.

PubMed ID: 28668722
Article link: Cell Signal

Genes referenced: fzd4 LOC100888767 LOC594353 taz