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J Nat Prod 2007 Sep 01;709:1462-6. doi: 10.1021/np070224w.
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Benzochromenones from the marine crinoid Comantheria rotula inhibit hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) in cell-based reporter assays and differentially suppress the growth of certain tumor cell lines.

Dai J , Liu Y , Jia H , Zhou YD , Nagle DG .

Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor that promotes tumor cell adaptation and survival under hypoxic conditions. HIF-1 is currently recognized as an important molecular target for anticancer drug discovery. The National Cancer Institute open repository of marine invertebrates and algae lipid extracts was evaluated using a T47D breast tumor cell-based reporter assay for HIF-1 inhibitory activity. Bioassay-guided fractionation of an active extract from a crinoid Comantheria rotula yielded seven benzo[g]chromen-4-one and benzo[h]chromen-4-one pigments (1-7). The structures of the new benzo[g]chromenone dimer 9,9''-oxybis-neocomantherin (1) and another new natural pigment 5 were deduced from spectroscopic and spectrometric data. The crinoid pigments significantly inhibited both hypoxia-induced and iron chelator-induced HIF-1 luciferase reporter activity in breast and prostate tumor cells. However, inhibition of HIF-1 in the reporter assay did not translate into a significant decrease in the expression of the downstream HIF-1 target, secreted vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Compound 1 was found to inhibit tumor cell growth in the NCI 60-cell line panel (GI(50) values of 1.6-18.2 microM), and compound 6 produced a unique pattern of tumor cell growth suppression. Five cell lines from different organs were hypersensitive to 6 (GI(50) values of 0.29-0.62 microM), and three others were moderately sensitive (GI(50) values of 2.2-5.1 microM), while the GI(50) values for most other cell lines ranged from 20 to 47 microM. Crinoid benzo[g]chromenones were also found to scavenge radicals in a modified DPPH assay.

PubMed ID: 17844994
PMC ID: PMC2910718
Article link: J Nat Prod
Grant support: [+]

Genes referenced: LOC100893907 LOC115919910 LOC115922368 LOC587333 vegfc

References [+] :
Brastianos, Exiguamine A, an indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) inhibitor isolated from the marine sponge Neopetrosia exigua. 2006, Pubmed