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J Cell Sci 2002 Dec 01;115Pt 23:4685-93. doi: 10.1242/jcs.00136.
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Chromosomal association of Ran during meiotic and mitotic divisions.

Hinkle B , Slepchenko B , Rolls MM , Walther TC , Stein PA , Mehlmann LM , Ellenberg J , Terasaki M .

Recent studies in Xenopus egg extracts indicate that the small G protein Ran has a central role in spindle assembly and nuclear envelope reformation. We determined Ran localization and dynamics in cells during M phase. By immunofluorescence, Ran is accumulated on the chromosomes of meiosis-II-arrested Xenopus eggs. In living cells, fluorescently labeled Ran associated with the chromosomes in Xenopus and remained associated during anaphase when eggs were artificially activated. Fluorescent Ran associated with chromosomes in mouse eggs, during meiotic maturation and early embryonic divisions in starfish, and to a lesser degree during mitosis of a cultured mammalian cell line. Chromosomal Ran undergoes constant flux. From photobleach experiments in immature starfish oocytes, chromosomal Ran has a k(off) of approximately 0.06 second(-1), and binding analysis suggests that there is a single major site. The chromosomal interactions may serve to keep Ran-GTP in the vicinity of the chromosomes for spindle assembly and nuclear envelope reformation.

PubMed ID: 12415012
Article link: J Cell Sci
Grant support: [+]

Genes referenced: LOC115919910 ran