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Fish Shellfish Immunol 2019 Oct 01;93:542-550. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2019.08.008.
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The first cloned echinoderm tumor necrosis factor receptor from Holothuria leucospilota: Molecular characterization and functional analysis.

Li H , Chen T , Sun H , Wu X , Jiang X , Ren C .

In this study, an echinoderm tumor necrosis factor receptor named HLTNFR-16 was first cloned from the tropical sea cucumber Holothuria leucospilota. The full-length cDNA of HLTNFR-16 is 3675 bp in size, containing a 415 bp 5''-untranslated region (UTR), a 2024 bp 3''-UTR and a 1236 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a protein of 411 amino acids with a deduced molecular weight of 45.63 kDa. The HLTNFR-16 protein contains a signal peptide, four TNFR domains (the last three were identified as extracellular cysteine-rich domains), a transmembrane region and a death domain. Phylogenetic analysis showed that HLTNFR-16 was clustered into a clade with TNFR-16s in other species, indicating that this echinoderm TNFR may be a new member of the TNFR-16 subfamily. The results of TUNEL assay showed that the over expression of HLTNFR-16 could induce apoptosis in HEK293T cells. When HLTNFR-16 was silenced by siRNA, the apoptosis of sea cucumber coelomocytes induced by inactivated Vibrio harveyi was suppressed significantly, indicating that HLTNFR-16 is important for apoptosis induction. Additionally, luciferase reporter assay exhibited that the over-expressed HLTNFR-16 in HEK293T cells could activate the transcription factors nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1). Moreover, the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and IL-18 in HEK293T cells was increased by the over-expression of HLTNFR-16. This study provides evidences for the potential roles of sea cucumber TNFR in the innate immunity.

PubMed ID: 31394160
Article link: Fish Shellfish Immunol

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC577317 LOC587333 LOC590500