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Carbohydr Polym 2018 Dec 01;201:634-642. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2018.08.020.
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Fucosylated chondroitin sulfate oligosaccharides from Isostichopus badionotus regulates lipid disorder in C57BL/6 mice fed a high-fat diet.

Li S , Li J , Mao G , Hu Y , Ye X , Tian D , Linhardt RJ , Chen S .

Fucosylated chondroitin sulfate (fCS) and its depolymerized derivative (DfCS), prepared from sea cucumbers, are well-known for their anticoagulant activity. However, their other functional activities are poorly understood. Recently, we obtained fCS oligosaccharides from Isostichopus Badionotus by a modified controllable Fenton-system, named as DfCS-Ib. The functional activities of these oligosaccharides are still unclear. The present study investigated anti-hyperlipidemic activity of DfCS-Ib using a high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice model. The results indicated that DfCS-Ib reduced obesity, hyperlipidemia, and inflammation caused by HFD. Meanwhile, DfCS-Ib increased the mRNA expression of PPARĪ³ and decreased the mRNA expression of leptin, aP2, and F4/80 in fat tissue. Transcriptome analysis indicated that DfCS-Ib normalized the expressions of genes regulating lipid metabolism. Our results suggested that DfCS-Ib can alleviated lipid disorder by reducing lipid synthesis and promoting lipid lipidolysis. DfCS-Ib can act as a functional agent to regulate lipid disorder.

PubMed ID: 30241863
Article link: Carbohydr Polym

Genes referenced: fat4 LOC100887844 LOC590297 tfap2a