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Mar Environ Res 2018 Oct 01;141:128-137. doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2018.08.007.
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Annual assessment of the sea urchin (Paracentrotus lividus) humoral innate immune status: Tales from the north Portuguese coast.

Fernández-Boo S , Pedrosa-Oliveira MH , Afonso A , Arenas F , Rocha F , Valente LMP , Costas B .

Innate immune status of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus population from two different rocky shore beaches in the northern Portuguese coast was evaluated for a period of one year. Although some ecological studies regarding the effect of toxics on the immune parameters of the sea urchin were made in Portuguese waters, there is a current lack of knowledge concerning their immune status all over the year. In perspective of a changing ecosystem in these waters due to global warming and colonization of new species, it is important to assess the status of the major species living in the area. In this way, immune parameters such as total protein content, nitric oxide concentration, haemolytic activity, protease activity, lysozyme concentration and bactericidal activity were evaluated in the perivisceral coelomic fluid, and were correlated with the gonadal index of the population and water parameters. Also, the spawning period can upset some immune status parameters, and others such as haemolytic activity and bactericidal activity against Vibrio anguillarum, showed a clear correlation with the gonad maturation status. The knowledge of the basal immune status of the species could serve as ecological indicator of some stress agent or contaminant into the field; also, coelomic fluid is suggested as good quality marker to assess the immune status of sea urchins.

PubMed ID: 30139531
Article link: Mar Environ Res

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC115919911 LOC752081 LOC756768