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Microb Pathog 2018 Jul 01;120:47-54. doi: 10.1016/j.micpath.2018.04.055.
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Dual functions of a 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase for Vibrio splendidus survival and infection.

Liang W , Zhang W , Shao Y , Zhao X , Li C .

Vibrio splendidus is a well-documented pathogenic bacterium that can trigger different diseases, including skin ulcer syndrome in Apostichopus japonicus. In our previous study, a gene named Vshppd encoding a 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase homologue was cloned from pathogenic V. splendidus, and validated to be responsible for the haemolysis activities of V. splendidus. In this study, Vshppd was determined to participate in the catabolism of tyrosine and promote pyomelanin production in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) harboring Vshppd. The purified melanin pigment displayed obvious antimicrobial activity against E. coli and Micrococcus luteus and protective effect on V. splendidus under ultraviolet irradiation. As an important virulence factor, Vshppd was further determined to be cytotoxic to the coelomocyte of A. japonicus and cell viability decreased to approximately 68%, 77%, 54% and 44% when 50, 60, 80 and 100 μL of purified rVshppd was present, respectively. To better understand the potential effect of Vshppd mediated oxidative stress, we injceted A. japonicus with the rVshppd, which showed significantly stimulatory effects on the expression of oxidative stress related genes catalase (cat), glutathione S-transferase (gst), glutathione peroxidase (gpx), heat shock protein 70 (hsp70) of A. japonicus. At 48 h, the expression level of cytochrome P450 (cyp450) was down-regulated compared with that treated with BSA. It was suggested that Vshppd exhibited cytotoxicity via altering the oxidative stress. Our result indicated that Vshppd was not only involved in the self-protection, but also contributed to the pathogenesis of V. splendidus by modulating the oxidative stress imbalance in A. japonicus.

PubMed ID: 29709686
Article link: Microb Pathog

Genes referenced: LOC100888042 LOC105439191 LOC115917891 LOC115919910 LOC115929188 LOC576414 LOC594349 LOC752853