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Fish Shellfish Immunol 2017 Apr 01;63:31-39. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2017.02.004.
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Molecular cloning and functional characterization of theta class glutathione S-transferase from Apostichopus japonicus.

Shao Y , Lv Z , Li C , Zhang W , Duan X , Qiu Q , Jin C , Zhao X .

Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are the superfamily of multifunctional detoxification isoenzymes and play crucial roles in innate immunity. In the present study, a theta class GST homology was identified from A. japonicus (designated as AjGST-θ) by RACE approaches. The full-length cDNA of AjGST-θ was of 1013 bp encoded a cytosolic protein of 231 amino acids residues. Structural analysis revealed that AjGST-θ processed the characteristic N-terminal GSH-binding site (G-site) and the C-terminal hydrophobic substrate binding site (H-site). Multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis together supported that AjGST-θ belonged to a new member of theta class GST protein subfamily. Spatial expression analysis revealed that AjGST-θ was ubiquitously expressed in all examined tissues with the larger magnitude in intestine. The Vibrio splendidus challenge in vivo and LPS stimulation in vitro could both significantly up-regulate the mRNA expression of AjGST-θ when compared with control group. The recombinant protein was expressed in Escherichia coli and the purified AjGST-θ showed high activity with GST substrate. Meantime, disc diffusion assay showed that recombinant AjGST-θ protein could markedly improve bacterial growth under Cumene hydroperoxide exposure. More importantly, the recombinant AjGST-θ could effectively prevent primary coelomocytes apoptosis after LPS exposure. Our present findings suggested that AjGST-θ might play significantly roles in the modulation of immune response and protect cells from pathogens infection in A. japonicus.

PubMed ID: 28185912
Article link: Fish Shellfish Immunol

Genes referenced: LOC579267 LOC593358 LOC594349 LOC752853