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Fish Shellfish Immunol 2016 Dec 01;59:203-212. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2016.10.038.
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Identification and functional characterization of a novel antistasin/WAP-like serine protease inhibitor from the tropical sea cucumber, Stichopus monotuberculatus.

Yan A , Ren C , Chen T , Jiang X , Sun H , Hu C .

A novel antistasin/WAP-like serine protease inhibitor, named as StmAW-SPI, was identified from sea cucumber (Stichopus monotuberculatus) and functionally characterized in this study. The full-length cDNA of StmAW-SPI is 1917 bp in length with a 72 bp 5''-untranslated region (UTR), a 294 bp 3''-UTR and a 1551 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a protein of 516 amino acids with a deduced molecular weight of 54.56 kDa. The StmAW-SPI protein has 5-fold internal repeats (IRs) of antistasin domain and 6-fold IRs of WAP domain. For the gene structure, StmAW-SPI contains 10 exons separated by 9 introns. The StmAW-SPI mRNA expression pattern was determined using quantitative real-time PCR. The highest level of StmAW-SPI was found in the intestine, followed by coelomocytes, gonad, body wall and respiratory tree. The StmAW-SPI expressions were significantly up-regulated after polyriboinosinic polyribocytidylic acid [Poly (I:C)] or lipopolysaccharides (LPS) challenge in in vitro experiments performed in primary coelomocytes. In addition, the serine protease inhibitory activity and bacterial protease inhibitory activity of StmAW-SPI were examined, and the antibacterial activity was also demonstrated in this study. Our study, as a whole, suggested that StmAW-SPI might play a critical role in the innate immune defense of sea cucumber against microbial infections, by not only inactivating the serine protease but also inhibiting the growth of pathogens.

PubMed ID: 27989867
Article link: Fish Shellfish Immunol

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC100890677 LOC590178 LOC752081 LOC756768