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J Med Food 2015 Jan 01;181:45-53. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2013.3105.
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Steroidal constituents from the edible sea urchin Diadema savignyi Michelin induce apoptosis in human cancer cells.

Thao NP , Luyen BT , Kim EJ , Kang JI , Kang HK , Cuong NX , Nam NH , Kiem PV , Minh CV , Kim YH .

Bioassay-directed fractionation and purification were used to isolate 12 steroids (1-12) from a CH(2)Cl(2) extract of the edible Vietnamese sea urchin Diadema savignyi Michelin. The cytotoxic activity of the CH(2)Cl(2) extract and 12 steroids was evaluated in three human cancer cell lines (HL-60, PC-3, and SNU-C5). Relative to the effects of the positive control, mitoxantrone, the CH(2)Cl(2) extract (with an inhibitory concentration of 50% [IC(50)] values ranging from 1.37±0.15 to 3.11±0.15 μg/mL) and compounds 2 (with IC(50) values ranging from 5.29±0.11 to 6.80±0.67 μM) and 11 (with IC(50) values ranging from 4.95±0.07 to 6.99±0.28 μM) exhibited potent cytotoxic effects against all three tested human cancer cell lines. In addition, the CH(2)Cl(2) extract and compounds 2 and 11 were found to induce apoptosis. The induction of apoptosis was accompanied by alterations of the apoptosis-related protein expression, inactivation of ERK1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling, and decreased c-Myc expression. These data suggest that compounds 2 and 11 from the edible sea urchin D. savignyi may have potential for the treatment of colon cancer, leukemia, and prostate cancer as complementary cancer remedies.

PubMed ID: 25211186
Article link: J Med Food

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC100893907 LOC115919910 LOC373385 LOC586799 mapk1