ECB-ART-43045J Cell Sci 2013 Nov 15;126Pt 22:5153-65. doi: 10.1242/jcs.130476.
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The Mos-MAPK pathway regulates Diaphanous-related formin activity to drive cleavage furrow closure during polar body extrusion in starfish oocytes.
Maintenance of spindle attachment to the cortex and formation of the cleavage furrow around the protruded spindle are essential for polar body extrusion (PBE) during meiotic maturation of oocytes. Although spindle movement to the cortex has been well-studied, how the spindle is maintained at the cortex during PBE is unknown. Here, we show that activation of Diaphanous-related formin mediated by mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is required for tight spindle attachment to the cortex and cleavage furrow closure during PBE in starfish (Asterina pectinifera) oocytes. A. pectinifera Diaphanous-related formin (ApDia) had a distinct localization in immature oocytes and was localized to the cleavage furrow during PBE. Inhibition of the Mos-MAPK pathway or the actin nucleating activity of formin homology 2 domain prevented cleavage furrow closure and resulted in PBE failure. In MEK/MAPK-inhibited oocytes, activation of ApDia by relief of its intramolecular inhibition restored PBE. In summary, this study elucidates a link between the Mos-MAPK pathway and Diaphanous-related formins, that is responsible for maintaining tight spindle attachment to the cortex and cleavage furrow closure during PBE.
PubMed ID: 24046444
Article link: J Cell Sci
Genes referenced: LOC576066 LOC586799 LOC590297 mos