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Arch Biochem Biophys 2008 Jun 01;4741:167-74. doi: 10.1016/
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EGFR signalling is required for Paracentrotus lividus endomesoderm specification.

Romancino DP , Montana G , Cavalieri V , Spinelli G , Di Carlo M .

The EGFR pathway is critical for cell fate specification throughout the development of several organisms. Here we identified in sea urchin an EGFR-related antigen maternally expressed and showing a dynamic pattern of localization during development. To investigate the role played by the EGFR in Paracentrotus lividus development we blocked its activity by using the EGFR kinase inhibitor AG1478. This treatment produces decrease of EGFR phosphorylation, and embryos with various defects especially in the endomesoderm territory until to obtain an animalized phenotype. These effects are rescued by the addition of TGF-alpha, an EGFR ligand. The role played by EGFR-like along the animal/vegetal axis was also detected, after AG1478 treatment, by the extended distribution of HE and decreased nuclearization of beta-catenin in vegetal cells. Moreover, inhibition of EGFR-like reduced ERK phosphorylation, necessary for cell fate specification in the micromeres and their derivates. Taken together these results indicate that EGFR-like activity is required both for A/V axis formation and endomesoderm differentiation.

PubMed ID: 18395511
Article link: Arch Biochem Biophys

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC115919910 LOC586488 LOC594353