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Dev Biol 2008 Feb 15;3142:433-42. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2007.11.035.
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Krüppel-like is required for nonskeletogenic mesoderm specification in the sea urchin embryo.

Yamazaki A , Kawabata R , Shiomi K , Tsuchimoto J , Kiyomoto M , Amemiya S , Yamaguchi M .

The canonical Wnt pathway plays a central role in specifying vegetal cell fate in sea urchin embryos. SpKrl has been cloned as a direct target of nuclear beta-catenin. Using Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus embryos, here we show that HpKrl controls the specification of secondary mesenchyme cells (SMCs) through both cell-autonomous and non-autonomous means. Like SpKrl, HpKrl was activated in both micromere and macromere progenies. To examine the functions of HpKrl in each blastomere, we constructed chimeric embryos composed of blastomeres from control and morpholino-mediated HpKrl-knockdown embryos and analyzed the phenotypes of the chimeras. Micromere-swapping experiments showed that HpKrl is not involved in micromere specification, while micromere-deprivation assays indicated that macromeres require HpKrl for cell-autonomous specification. Transplantation of normal micromeres into a micromere-less host with morpholino revealed that macromeres are able to receive at least some micromere signals regardless of HpKrl function. From these observations, we propose that two distinct pathways of endomesoderm formation exist in macromeres, a Krl-dependent pathway and a Krl-independent pathway. The Krl-independent pathway may correspond to the Delta/Notch signaling pathway via GataE and Gcm. We suggest that Krl may be a downstream component of nuclear beta-catenin required by macromeres for formation of more vegetal tissues, not as a member of the Delta/Notch pathway, but as a parallel effector of the signaling (Krl-dependent pathway).

PubMed ID: 18166171
Article link: Dev Biol

Genes referenced: gata6 gcml LOC100887844 LOC115919910 LOC115921237 LOC373243 LOC594353
Morpholinos: LOC373243 MO4 LOC373243 MO5