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ECB-ART-39491
Nature 2005 Aug 11;4367052:812-8. doi: 10.1038/nature03810.
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A contractile nuclear actin network drives chromosome congression in oocytes.

Lénárt P , Bacher CP , Daigle N , Hand AR , Eils R , Terasaki M , Ellenberg J .


Abstract
Chromosome capture by microtubules is widely accepted as the universal mechanism of spindle assembly in dividing cells. However, the observed length of spindle microtubules and computer simulations of spindle assembly predict that chromosome capture is efficient in small cells, but may fail in cells with large nuclear volumes such as animal oocytes. Here we investigate chromosome congression during the first meiotic division in starfish oocytes. We show that microtubules are not sufficient for capturing chromosomes. Instead, chromosome congression requires actin polymerization. After nuclear envelope breakdown, we observe the formation of a filamentous actin mesh in the nuclear region, and find that contraction of this network delivers chromosomes to the microtubule spindle. We show that this mechanism is essential for preventing chromosome loss and aneuploidy of the egg--a leading cause of pregnancy loss and birth defects in humans.

PubMed ID: 16015286
Article link: Nature


Genes referenced: LOC115925415 LOC590297