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Zygote 1996 Feb 01;41:31-40. doi: 10.1017/s0967199400002860.
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Characterisation and role of integrins during gametic interaction and egg activation.

de Nadai C , Fenichel P , Donzeau M , Epel D , Ciapa B .

It has recently been proposed that some of the processes induced by fertilisation in mammals may be mediated by integrins. By performing immunofluorescence labelling and Western blots with antibodies directed against some of the alpha and beta subunits of integrins, we show here the presence of some of these proteins in human and hamster oocytes. Among them, alpha 2 and alpha 5 were also present on in vitro preparations of sea urchin egg cortices. In addition, antibodies raised against these two proteins were the most effective at inhibiting attachment and fusion of human spermatozoa with hamster oocytes. We suggest that alpha 2 and alpha 5 integrin chains may be common mediators in adhesion-fusion mechanisms triggered by fertilisation. Using similar techniques, we show that eggs are rich in three cytoskeletal proteins known to be linked to the beta chain of integrins: talin, vinculin and alpha-actinin. Moreover, we found that talin and alpha-actinin were associated with proteins phosphorylated on tyrosine after fertilisation in sea urchin eggs. We suggest that integrins might be involved during fertilisation and trigger egg activation through cytoskeletal structures.

PubMed ID: 8735368
Article link: Zygote

Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC592971 vcl