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Int J Dev Biol 1994 Jun 01;382:337-44.
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A long polypyrimidine:polypurine sequence in 5'' flanking region of arylsulfatase gene of sea urchin embryo.

Yamamoto T , Akasaka K , Irie S , Shimada H .

Sea urchin (Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus) arylsulfatase(Ars) gene contains a long (622 bp) polypyrimidine:polypurine (Pyr-Pur) sequence in its 5'' flanking region. The Pyr-Pur sequence inserted into a plasmid was sensitive to S1 nuclease at a low acidic pH (pH 5) when the plasmid was negatively supercoiled. From the distribution pattern of S1 sites in the Pyr-Pur region it is concluded that a (CT)11:(GA)11 tract in this region could adopt an unusual DNA configuration distinct from the usual B-form. Another feature of the Pyr-Pur sequence is that this (CT)11:(GA)11 tract is sandwiched by two oligo(dC):oligo(dG) stretches (G-strings) that are located at almost an equal distance from both ends of the (CT)11:(GA)11 tract. Mobility shift assay and DNase-I footprinting revealed that the gastrula nuclei contain nuclear proteins that interact with two distinct oligo(dG):oligo(dG) tracts (G-strings) in the Pyr-Pur region. The possibility is suggested that G-strings may be related to formation and stabilization of an unusual DNA configuration of a (CT)11:(GA)11 tract.

PubMed ID: 7981042

Genes referenced: arsal LOC100887844 LOC575336