ECB-ART-32910Exp Cell Res 1986 Jan 01;1621:191-204. doi: 10.1016/0014-4827(86)90438-6.
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The relation between intracellular pH and rate of protein synthesis in sea urchin eggs and the existence of a pH-independent event triggered by ammonia.
The relation between rate of protein synthesis and intracellular pH (pHi) was investigated in the eggs of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. Increasing external pH (pHo) resulted in raising pHi of eggs and also in increased rate of protein synthesis. Similarly, at constant pHo, adding various concentrations of NH4Cl to eggs caused graded increases of both pHi and protein synthesis. Using various concentrations of NH4Cl at a low pHo and incubating eggs at high pHo, we compared protein synthesis under similar pHi conditions and this revealed that at least half the increased protein synthesis stimulated by NH4Cl is independent of induced rise of pHi, as also seems to be chromosome condensation which was never observed in eggs incubated at high pHoS. The additional pH-independent event triggered by NH4Cl does not appear related to elevated free Ca2+, since protein synthesis and chromosome condensation do not require external Ca2+ and no increases of free Ca2+ sufficient to activate the Ca2+-calmodulin-mediated enzyme NAD kinase occurred. Monensin disrupts intravesicular pH gradients but does not stimulate protein synthesis, indicating that this local effect, also promoted by NH4Cl, is not involved in ammonia-induced increase of protein synthesis. Using two other amines which have low pKa values, benzocaine and tricaine, we observed 2-fold increases in protein synthesis rates, even though pHi was lowered. While the exact nature of the pH-independent event(s) triggered by NH4Cl, and possibly by other amines, remains unidentified, its possible involvement in normal mitosis is stressed.
PubMed ID: 3940228
Article link: Exp Cell Res
Genes referenced: LOC100887844 LOC589947 nadk